HANDLING OF WEEDS (Undergrowth)
The National Coffee Research Centre (Cenicafé) opted for the strategy of using genetic diversity to develop coffee varieties with durable rust resistance, with excellent agronomic attributes such as production, physical grain quality and sensory quality.
These varieties are:
Handling Of Weeds (Undergrowth)
The term weed (undergrowth) refers to the vegetation that invades crops. These plants grow by limiting and interfering with the growth and production of the crops, competing for light, nutrients, water and space, if is not properly handled.
The integrated management eliminates aggressive weeds, which compete for water and nutrients from the soil, leaves a cover of noble weeds, protecting the soil from erosion and providing shelter to insects that perform biological control of natural enemies of the coffee, such as:
MAIN PEST AND DESEASES OF COFFEE
The management of the main pests and diseases of coffee plantations in Colombia is a reason for constant work and effort for coffee families, pest are insects, while diseases are caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses and nematodes. Both present an economic impact on crops.
CAFÉ DE COLOMBIA
The fertilization of the coffee plantation produces better results when the environmental and technological demands of the crop are adequately satisfied and a good management of the organic waste of the farm has been obtained. Fertilization pursues adequate crop nutrition to obtain the highest possible yields, good product quality and preservation, vigor and general condition of the plantation.