Issue 39

Colombian coffee farming captures 5.2 times the carbon it emits

February, 2019

Analysis

Colombian coffee farming captures 5.2 times the carbon it emits

This is the result of a rigorous study under the concept of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action applied to coffee production.


A Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) refers to a set of policies and actions that countries undertake as part of a commitment to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

In the particular case of Colombian coffee, this NAMA defines the measures and actions to mitigate climate change in coffee production, particularly in the processes carried out on the farms (cultivation and post-harvesting) until obtaining dry parchment coffee.

It also identifies and quantifies the potential reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) and the associated environmental, economic and social co-benefits that contribute to the country sustainable development goals.

Additionally, it suggests financing mechanisms for the proposed measures and actions, establishes a Monitoring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system, and implementation guidelines.

Currently the Café de Colombia NAMA is in the development phase, that is, the mitigation actions, goals, and reduction potentials are already defined, but the implementation resources are still being raised.

The general objective is to propose and implement strategies for mitigation of the greenhouse gases generated in the stages of production, harvest and post-harvest of Colombian coffee at farm level.

The specific objectives are:
• To efficiently manage nitrogen fertilizers.
• To implement agroforestry systems on the farms where coffee is grown.
• To optimize practices of the coffee post-harvest process.
• To implement domestic wastewater treatment systems with methane burners.

For calculation of carbon fixations, data on distribution of coffee hectares was used according to the type of production system: sun exposure, semi-shade and shade-grown, the two latter considered agroforestry systems.

These data were related to the carbon fixation rates obtained for monoculture (sun exposure) and agroforestry systems (coffee arrangements with walnut and rubber), and were compared to the emission rates resulting from fertilization, post-harvesting, drying and domestic wastewater.

The result shows that coffee farming in Colombia captures 5.2 times more carbon than the one emitted.

You are invited to learn more about our coffee family and our products, visiting the COLOMBIAN COFFEE INSIGHTS sections on the top of this page.