No 30

Results of Renovation Programs, Predict Crop Growth Over the Medium Term

October, 2011

WHAT'S BEHIND

Results of Renovation Programs, Predict Crop Growth Over the Medium Term

This optimism is due to the efforts of the FNC and the Colombian coffee growers, who in the first 9 months of this year renewed nearly 88,000 hectares of coffee plantations, 85.3% of these with rust resistant varieties.

In order to recover, stabilize and increase coffee production in Colombia, the FNC undertook the task of promoting the renewal of aged coffee plantations with new, productive crops. This tree renovation effort was focused on varieties resistant to rust due to the harsh attacks of this fungus. This fungus was the result of high humidity recorded as a result of La Niña phenomenon, which generated an increase in precipitation in some regions of up to 80% in 2009 and 2010 over the historical levels.

The goal is to achieve young plantations of greater production,  that will allow more than 500.000 farmers to have a profitableand sustainable activity with varieties best suited for the complexities brought by climate change. The 5 year goal is to achieve a 90% renewal of the coffee growing areas in Colombia. 

Colombia currently has 914,000 hectares in 100% Arabica Coffee. With the support of the Colombian Government, the Federation has designed aggressive programs of credit and renovation that have resulted in 399,000 hectares renovated since 2006. The goal for 2011 is the renewal of 130,000 hectares, i.e. 63% more compared to the 79,580 hectares of 2010.


It is worth noting that during the first 9 months of 2011, 88,000 hectares of coffee plantations were renewed. This represents an increase of 45% over the previous year.  Additionally, 85.3% of the total area was planted in rust-resistant varieties.

The projected harvest of 2011, could even exceed 9 million bags. It is evident that the productive structure of Colombia is being transformed and that, once the new plantings begin their production cycle, the Colombian harvest will resume and even exceed historical levels of production. 


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